"Since 2011, CIRCULATION(S) questions territories and issues through the eyes of their European emerging photographers. This year again, with 27 artists of 14 nationalities, we offer an open artistic vision with a wealth of contrasts and trends that reflect contemporary topics.

This openness is part of our artistic endeavour: a collective made up of 9 curators, each bringing their sensitivities and stance and supporting each other. Together, we shape a new edition by deliberately choosing to show a range of expressions. This altruistic consideration is what makes the festival’s identity and lies at the heart of its operations.

The pandemic seems behind us, yet we still feel its mark. The war in Ukraine has transformed both everyday lives and the balance of power. Socio-economic tensions are at a peak while environmental disasters multiply. Whether at a personal or societal level, the 2023 edition is decidedly marked by resilience. Many of the works express overcoming trauma, the (re)construction of the self following domestic violence in response to social injunction or the Soviet past. Other artists remind us that, every day still, refugees exiles drown in the Mediterranean Sea. In the face of this tormented world, photography in relation to the scientific sphere offers the reassuring dimension of rationality. It is also one of the main themes of this edition.

Boundaries shift and the Circulation(s) festival captures these movements. With the democratisation and the exponential force of artificial intelligence and machine learning, the artist’s position and the artwork’s status are challenged. In our societies, notions of genre are becoming more visible and artists contribute to the broadening of this discussion by sharing their outlook and personal experience.

Following an exploration of the Romanian, Portuguese, Belarusian and Armenian photographic scenes, our fifth edition focuses on Bulgaria. It establishes connections with this dynamic and active scene, and enriches our respective visions. Through this focus, we continue to assert our wish to go beyond geographical boundaries and our scope of research.

Circulation(s) encourages us to reconsider who we are and rediscover ourselves, each of us and together, individually and collectively, geopolitically and intimately, edition after edition. We, curators, permanent and volunteer members of Fetart, alongside the CENTQUATRE-PARIS team which has trusted us for ten years, are delighted to invite you to discover the selected 2023 artists."


From 25/03 until 21/05/2023

“In belief is power” was selected by Fetart Collective (the creator and organizer of the Circulation(s) festival) to be part of Focus Bulgaria next to the projects of my Bulgarian colleagues Martin Atanasov, Tyhomir Stoyanov and Mihail Novakov.

In Belief is Power was curated by Carine Dolek (a journalist, critic and independent curator; co-founder of the Festival Circulation(s) and member of the Fetart Collective)

In the frame of Focus Bulgaria, Circulation(s) offered also a program with screenings of silent Bulgarian films with Kino Club Super 8, the short film Night shift with ARTE, and a talk hosted by Leo de Boisgisson on the relationship to the archive and the resurgence of the socialist past in contemporary imagery, reflections on the complex identity of Bulgaria at the crossroads of the Balkans; PUK collective! (a Bulgarian independent photobook platform founded in 2017 by Nikola Mihov, Tihomir Stoyanov, and Rossen Kuzmanov) was present with a selection of Bulgarian photobooks.
Focus Bulgaria was realized in partnership with WhiteWall and with the support of the Bulgarian Cultural Institute.

"The group exhibition and programme of events [N/A]RODNA ZEMYA come as a result of a two-year long research and adaptation between the East and the West. The chosen projects and artists are united under common themes in their practice - exploring dislocation, cultural belonging and sociopolitical observations of the national landscape as ever-changing processes."

Curated and organized by Sarko Mutafyan

With the work of Lina Ivanova, Petar Petrov, Mihaela Aroyo, Bulgarian Visual Archive, Dessislava Terzieva, and Hristina Tasheva


'While trying to get a better understanding of the forces that shape society at large, the role of belief as a mechanism or a means to an end could be seen as a builder and destroyer of worlds. ‘In Belief Is Power’ is an exhibition that engages with questions concerning the notion of belief. The exhibition not only focuses on religious beliefs, but centralizes the idea of belief as a means to an end; as a social tool with transformative potential. The exhibition presents artworks that deal with questions concerning belief in a broad context, such as nationalism, politics, religion, spiritualism, and hope. The exhibition title is based on the title of the project ‘In Belief is Power’ from Hristina Tasheva.' (


'Ако се има предвид крилатата фраза на Хемингуей, би било нелогично да се напусне град като Варна. Въпреки това списъкът с художници, които заминават, постоянно нараства. От тази проста статистика възниква първоначалният импулс на Биляна Рубинова и Васил Даскалов да организират изложба на заминалите варненски съвременни художници.

Темата на изложбата би могла да бъде политическа и критична, или сантиментална, да бъде посветена на града. Да коментира миграциите в съвременния свят или абстрактната идея за пътуването и движението. Тя може да разказва за морето или за детството. Или дори съвсем абстрактно да интерпретира смисъла на заглавието “Go Went Gone”. Но тъй като поканените художници са разнообразни като интереси, насоченост и изразни средства, изложбата няма поставена конкретна тема. Някои от произведенията са създадени специално по този повод, други се показват за пръв път във Варна.' (

photo and video above (c) contemporary space